“You cannot solve a problem from the same consciousness that created it. You must learn to see the world anew.” Albert Einstein

Origin of AIDS and the role of USA

1970’s Hearings before Congress regarding Synthetic biological agents with no natural or artificial immunity.

There are two things about the biological agent field I would like to mention. One is the possibility of technological surprise. Molecular biology is a field that is advancing very rapidly and eminent biologists believe that within a period of 5 to 10 years it would be possible to produce a synthetic biological agent, an agent that does not naturally exist and for which no natural immunity could have been acquired.

Mr. Sikes. Are we doing any work in that field?

Dr. MacArthur. We are not.

Mr. Sikes.. Why not? Lack of money or lack of interest?

Dr. MacArthur. Certainly not lack of interest

Mr. Sikes. Would you provide for our records information on what would be required, what the advantages of such a program would be.

the time and the cost involved?

Dr. MacArthur. We will be very happy to.

The dramatic progress being made in the field of molecular biology led us to investigate the relevance of this field of science to biological warfare. A small group of experts considered this matter and provided the following observations:

    1. All biological agents up to the present time are representatives of naturally occurring disease. and are thus known by scientists throughout the world. They are easily available to qualified scientists for research. either for offensive or defensive purposes.

    2. Within the next 5 to 10 years. it would probably be possible to make a new infective microorganism which could differ in certain important aspects from any known disease-causing organisms. Most important of these is that it might be refractory to the immunological and therapeutic processes upon which we depend to maintain our relative freedom from infectious disease.

    3. A research program to explore the feasibility of this could be completed in approximately 6 years at the total cost of $10 million

    4. It would be very difficult to establish such a program. Molecular biology is a relatively new science. There are not many highly competent scientists in the field, almost all are in university laboratories. and they are generally adequately supported from sources other than DOD(department of defense). However, it was considered possible to initiate an adequate program through the National Academy of Sciences – National Research Council (NAS–NRC).

    5. It is a highly controversial issue and there are many who believe such a research should not be undertaken lest is lead to yet another method of massive killing of large population.



    Ninety-First Congress

    First Session

    Subcommittee on Department of Defense Appropriations

    George H. Mahon, Texas, Chairman

    Robert L.F. Sikes, Florida, Glenard P. Lipscomb, California, Jamie D. Whitten, Mississippi, William E. Minshall, Ohio, George W. Andrews, Alabama, John J. Rhodes, Arizona, Daniel J. Flood, Pennsylvania Glenn R. Davis, Wisconsin, John M. Slack, West Virginia, Joseph P. Addabbo, New York, Frank E. Evans, Colorado.

    Temporarily assigned.

    PART 5

    Budget and Financial Management

    Budget for Secretarial Activities

    Chamical and Biological Warfare

    Defense Installations and Procurement

    Defense Intelligence Agency

    Operation and Maintence, Defense Agencies

    Procurement Defense Agencies

    Safeguard Ballistic Missle Defense System

    Testimony of Admiral Hyman G. Rickover

    Testimony of Members of Congress and Other

    Individuals and Organizations

    Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations


    35-262 WASHINGTON : 1969

    TUESDAY, JULY 1, 1969





    One response

    1. Sara

      hi there, thanks for adding me as a friend! in my opinion, biological warfare is wrong on many levels and i\’d rather die than live in a cruelly indecent world where such weapons are permitted.

      August 21, 2008 at 11:41 am

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